新概念2 L23~24讲义

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文章作者: Aven

发布时间: 2018-05-10 11:01 访问量:1182

Lesson 23 Anew house

阅读理解:

1. When hadthe work on the house begun?

Work on it had begun beforemy sister left.

2. Why is thenew house special?

Because it must be theonly modern house in the district.

单词详解:

1. complete  v. 完成

近义词:finish

短语:complete / finish doing  sth.  完成做某事

adj. 完整的,全部的

翻译:Wish the meeting a  complete success. 预祝大会圆满成功

2. modern  adj. 现代的,新式的

modern  society 现代社会

modernization  n. 现代化

3. strange   adj.  奇怪的

猜猜以下句子中strange的意思:

That  morning, he saw a strange face in the classroom. 陌生的

派生:stranger  n. 陌生人

4. district   n. 地区

Xuhui  District     徐汇区

business  district   商务区

课文解析

1. I had (have) a letter  from my sister yesterday.

l  词组:have a letter from = receive  a letter from = hear from

翻译:我一直梦想着能收到哥哥的来信。

         I always dream of receiving a letter  from my brother.

2. She lives (live)  in Nigeria. In her letter, she said that she would come (come) to  England next year.

l  翻译:Mary说她会永远离开我。

Mary said that she would  leave me forever.

3. If she comes (come), she will  get (get) a surprise.

l  语法:if引导条件状语从句,时态符合主将从现

翻译:如果你动作不快点,火车就赶不上了。

If you don’t hurry, you  will miss the train.

4. We are now living (now  live) in a beautiful new house in the country. Work on ithad  begun (begin) before my sister left (leave).

l  词汇:country表示乡下= countryside

l  词组:work on sth. ……的工作

翻译:世博会的工作在Obama访问中国之前就开始了。

Work on Shanghai Expo  had begun before Obama visited China.

l   it这里指代building,指出下列句中it指代的内容:

What’s the time? It  is five o’clock.  Time

How far away is the station from here? It is five miles away.  Distance

What’s the weather like?  It is very cold.  weather

5. The house was completed  (complete) five months ago.

l    用3种方法表示此句

1) Work on the house was over five months ago.

   2) Work on  the house came to an end five months ago.

   3) Work on  the house ended five months ago.

6. In my letter, I told her that  she could stay with us. The house has (have) many large rooms and  there is a lovely garden.

l  模仿第二句造句:

翻译:这个公园有很多漂亮的花,还有一个可爱的旋转木马。

The park has many  beautiful flowers and there is a lovely merry-go-round.

7. It is a very modern house, so it  looks strange to some people.

l  look 看起来,是系动词

看上去熟悉look familiar   看上去年轻look young

英语当中其他系动词:

sound 听起来       smell 闻起来  

taste 尝起来         feel 感觉起来

8. It must be the only  modern house in the district.

l  must 表猜测 “一定,准是”

翻译:走了这么远的路,你一定饿了吧。

     You must be  hungry after all that walking.

【思考1

district的近义词有哪些?

area / region / zone

【趣味知识】

Nigeria is  located in western Africa. It is the most populous country in Africa and the  seventh most populous country in the world.

【复习1

条件状语从句还有哪两种时态规则?

主情从现,主祈从现

【思考2

a beautiful new house,出现多个形容词时,要按照什么顺序排列呢?

美(描绘性形容词)小(尺寸大小)圆(形状)旧(新旧)黄(颜色),法国(国籍)木(材料)书房(用途)。

【复习2

there be句型中be动词应遵循什么原则?

就近原则

【思考3】该句的否定形式:

It can’t be the only modern  house in the district.

语法重点

三大时态复习对比:

一般过去时态

现在完成时

过去完成时

形式

did

have/has done

had done

定义

纯粹发生在过去的动作,与现在关联。

发生在过去的动作,与现在关联,强调影响。

过去的过去

时间状语

明确的过去时间状语

较为模糊的时间状语

by / before

EX. 时态填空:

A: Have youever tasted (you / taste / ever) sushi?

B: Yes, I haveeaten (eat) sushi at least five times so far.

A: When didyou eat (you / eat) sushi for the first time?

B: I ate(eat) sushi for the first time on my dad’s 50th birthday. He invited(invite) the whole family to a Japanese restaurant.

A: Do youlike (you / like) it?

B: Absolutely.In fact, it was (be) so good that we have been (be) to thatrestaurant three times. And on my mum’s birthday, we ordered (order) somesushi and had (have) it at home.

Challengeyourself!

EasyMultiplechoice.

( C )1. – Where were you last Saturday?  – I____ in the Capital Museum. 2012北京)

  A. am           B. will be            C. was          D. have been

MediumMultiplechoice

( D )2. By the end of last week, she ________ in the west of China for two months helpingthe homeless children. 2014年上海中考)

  A. will stay                   B.has stayed                C. would stay                    D. had stayed

( D ) 3. An official _____________ by some reporters on food problems in Shanghai yesterday. 2011年上海中考)

  A. is interviewing     B. is interviewed          C. was interviewing      D. was interviewed

HardTranslation

4. 这个商务区对我来说很陌生。

 The business district is very strange tome.

5. 女孩告诉她的妈妈医生给了她一些药。

 The girl told her mother that the doctorhad given her some medicine.

Lesson 24 It could be worse

阅读理解

1. What didthe manager begin complaining about?

He began complaining aboutthe wicked world.

2. Had thewriter’s money been stolen?

 No,it hadn’t.

单词详解

1.  manager  n. 经理

2.  upset  adj. 不安的

3.  sympathetic  adj. 表示同情的

翻译:她对那只可怜的小狗深表同情。

She felt sympathetic  towards / to the poor puppy.

派生:sympathy  n. 同情心

4.  complain  v. 抱怨

结构:complain to sb. about / of  sth. 向某人抱怨某事

翻译:他总是向我抱怨作业繁重。

He is  always complaining to me about his heavy homework.

complaint  department 投诉部门

5. wicked  adj. 很坏的,邪恶的

6. contain  v. 包含,内装

The food contains a lot of nutrition. 含有

The car can contain at least four persons. 容纳

Contain your anger, please! 控制

辨析

The cup contains  water. 全部包含

The bag includes  books.包含部分

7.  honesty  n. 诚实

派生:honest  adj. 诚实的

填空:He is a/an dishonest  boy because he always tells lies to us.

课文解析

1.       I entered the hotel  manager’s office and sat down. I had just lost £50 and I felt very  upset. ‘I left the money in my room,’ I said, ‘and it’s not there now.’ The  manager was sympathetic, but he could do nothing.

l  单词:lose表示丢失,意思多样:

   lose heart 丧失信心

   lose face 丢脸

   lose  oneself in reading 全神贯注于阅读

l  词组:can  / could do nothing (about it) 对于……无能为力

翻译:人类对于死亡是无能为力的。

     Human beings can do nothing about death.

2. ‘Everyone’s losing money these  days,’ he said.

l  词组:these days 现如今,用于现在与过去的比较

l  语法:进行时态取代一般现在时,表示说话人的感情色彩

翻译:他总是打电脑游戏。

     He is  always playing computer games. (表示抱怨)

         她总是帮助他人。

     She’s always helping people. (表示赞扬)

3. He started to complain  about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door.

l  词组:start  / begin to do sth.= start / begin doing

l  单词:knock  n. (注意后面仍跟介词at)

翻译:有人敲门。

     There  is a knock at the door.

4. A girl came in and put an  envelope on his desk. It contained £50. ‘I found this outside this  gentleman’s room,’ she said.

l  判断以下outside的词性

The outside of the house  needs painting.  词性:n.

We’ll need outside help  to finish the project.   词性: adj.

You can park your car  outside your house. 词性:prep.

Please wait  outside.  词性:adv.

5.   ‘Well,’ I said to the manager, ‘there is still some honesty in  this world !’

l  there be存在句可以描述具体的,也可描述抽象概念。

翻译:在这个世界上还是有幸福可言的。

     There is still some happiness in  the world.

     这个邪恶的世界上还是有真友情存在的。

     There is  still some genuine friendship left in this wicked world.

【思考1

总经理怎么表达?

General Manager

【思考2

could do  nothing 的反义词组是什么?怎么解释?

can / could do everything (about  it),感觉无所不能

【复习】

还有哪一课也是用进行时态表达感情色彩?

他觉得这次旅行相当激动人心。  (Lesson 4)

He is finding this trip very exciting. (表示赞美)

【思考3

interrupted的发音怎么读?

/tid/的词尾发音

语法重点

直接引语和间接引语

直接引语:直接引述别人的话(句子中有“”)。

间接引语:用自己的话转述别人的话,叫“间接引语”

(教学说明:可以先用中文说明,比如对学生说你们让我上课很开心(直接引语);回去小朋友转述给妈妈听,我们让Apple老师上课很开心(间接引语),再把以下文字板书

Apple said,“You made me enjoy myself in class.”  直接引语

Apple saidthat we made her enjoy herself in class.  间接引语宾语从句【学生版不出现】)

变化规则:(教学说明:可以使用最后的EX.作为以下三条规则讲解的例子,分层讲解【学生版不出现】)

ü  连词

若直接引语引号里的内容是陈述句,间接引语用连词that

若直接引语引号里的内容是一般疑问句,间接引语用连词if / whether

若直接引语引号里的内容是特殊疑问句,间接引语用连词wh- / how即特殊疑问词本身

ü  从句人称的变化:遵循“一主、二宾、三不变的原则”。

直接引语的主语是第一人称变为间接引语时要和主句的主语保持一致。

 e.g. He says, “I will go there by air.” He says he will go thereby air.

如果直接引语的主语是第二人称变为间接引语时要与主句的宾语保持一致。

e.g. Mary says, “You needto change the clothes.” Mary says I need to change the clothes.

如果直接引语的主语是第三人称变为间接引语时,人称不变。【学生版不出现】)

e.g. Lily says, “The bossis coming.”   Lily says the bosswas coming.

ü  从句时态的变化:倒退一格(具体方法参见L15宾语从句时态变化表)

EX. 将下列直接引语改写成间接引语:

They said, “Wewill go there by bus.”

They saidthat they would go there by bus.

She said tome, “Are you interested in science?”

She askedme if I was interested in science.

His mothersaid to me, “What are you doing? ”

Hismother asked me what I was doing.

注:直接引语如果是客观事实或真理,变为间接引语时,从句时态不变。

Challengeyourself!

EasyCorrect the indirect speech.

1. He said, “Iam a teacher.” He said I am a teacher.

He said he was a teacher.

MediumMultiple choice

( A ) 2.The teacher said that the earth________ around the sun.

A. moves                  B. moved                 C. move                  D. is moved

HardChange the sentence toindirect speech.

3. He said:“I’ve left my book in my room.”

He said hehad left his book in his room.

4. She asked, “Tom, where did you read it?”

 She asked Tomwhere he had read it.


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