NCE2 L55

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文章作者: 骆成

发布时间: 2019-06-08 22:31 访问量:31

Lesson 55 Not a gold mine

阅读理解

1. What did the team find?

The team found nothing but a tin trunk.

2. How did they find it?

With a new machine called ‘The revealer’.

单词详解

1. gold  n. 金子

派生:adj. 金子做的gold    金黄色的golden

gold medal  金牌     goldfish  金鱼

2. mine  n.

词组:a gold mine    金矿

派生:mine for gold  v. 开采

mineral water  adj. 矿泉水

miner / mineworker  n. 矿工,采矿者

3. treasure  n. 财宝

翻译:I discovered a treasure map in the bookstore. 藏宝图

派生: treasure  v. 珍惜

e.g. To treasure what you have is actually the beginning to own everything.

4. revealer  n. 探测器

派生:reveal  v.

翻译:The hospital refused to reveal the name of the drug.  

医院拒绝透露这种药物的名称。

不要泄露我的秘密。

Don’t reveal my secret.

5. invent  v. 发明

派生:inventionn.发明    inventor n. 发明人

文化:four great Chinese inventions

compass / paper-making / printing / gunpowder

6. detect  v. 探测

派生:detective  n. 侦探  adj. 侦探的

7. bury  v. 埋葬

8. cave  n. 山洞

9. seashore  n. 海岸

10. pirate  n. 海盗

11. arm  n. 手臂

词组:arm in arm  手挽手

派生:v. 武装

结构:be armed with

翻译:The soldier is armed with guns.  配备着枪支

12. soil  n. 泥土

13. entrance  n. 入口

词组:the entrance / exit to the theatre  剧院的入口/出口

翻译:He had passed the entrance examination of the college.  

他已经通过了大学的入学考试(高考)

14. finally  adv. 最后

15. worthless  adj. 毫无价值的

16. thoroughly  adv. 彻底地 = entirely

翻译:He is surprised to find his room thoroughly clean.

他惊讶地发现他的房间被彻底地打扫了

17. trunk  n. 行李箱,树干,躯干

18. confident  adj. 有信心的

结构:be confident about / of sth.  对……有信心

派生:confidence  n. 自信心

19. value  n. 价值

派生:valuable  adj. 昂贵的

辨析:valueless V.S. invaluable

翻译:It’s valueless to get angry over such a trifle.

为这点小事生气不值得

The painting is an invaluable treasure.

这幅画是无价之宝

选词填空:

A dictionary is a/an invaluable tool in learning a new language.

The diamond on her ring is actually man-made, and so almost valueless.

课文解析

1. Dreams of finding lost treasure almost came true recently.

l  词组:come true  成真,没有被动语态

翻译:他环球旅游的梦想成真了。

His dream of travelling around the world came true.

2. A new machine called‘The Revealer’ has been invented and it has been used to detect gold which has been buried in the ground.

l  语法:called过去分词后置定语

a dog called Roger  一只叫做Roger的狗

l   语法:which引导定语从句

3. The machine was used in a cave near the seashore where – it is said – pirates used to hide gold.

l  语法:it is said  插入语,表示据说

翻译:据说他死了。

He, it is said, was dead.

4. The pirates would often bury gold in the cave and then fail to collect it.

l  语法:would often do 过去常常做(现在可能还在做)

翻译:他从前常常手里拿着一本书,一坐就是好几个小时。

Hewouldoftensitfor hours,with a bookin his hand.

5. Armed with the new machine, a search party went into the cave hoping to find buried treasure.

l  词组:a search party   搜索队

翻译:Both parties of the countries reached an agreement. (基础口译) 双方

l  语法:过去分词作伴随状语(让学生自己填空, 开放式练习)【学生版不出现】

翻译:Armed with computers, we _____________________.

l  语法:现在分词作目的状语

翻译:我早起,希望能赶上第一班车。

I got up early, hoping to catch the first bus.

6. The leader of the party was examining the soil near the entrance to the cave when the machine showed that there was gold under the ground.

l  词组:the entrance to the cave 洞穴的入口

7. Very excited, the party dug a hole two feet deep. They finally found a small gold coin which was almost worthless.

l  语法:very excited形容词作原因状语(类似用法在L49出现)

(教师可课堂做口头提醒:Tired of sleeping on the floor, a young man in Teheran saved up for years to buy a real bed.【学生版不出现】

l  词组:a hole two feet deep = a two-foot-deep hole

8. The party then searched the whole cave thoroughly but did not find anything except an empty tin trunk. In spite of this, many people are confident that ‘The Revealer’ may reveal something of value fairly soon.

l  单词:fairly  adv. 相当地

l  词组:in spite of  尽管,即使

翻译:In spite of the troubles, he never gave up hope.

尽管困难重重,但他从未放弃希望。

l  词组:something of value = something valuable

This is a useful book. = This is a book of use.

【思考1

猜猜caving是什么意思呢?

(类似sailsailing

洞穴探险

【复习1

我们还学过哪些其他表示“岸”的词呢? (L33)

shore, coast, beach, bank

【趣味知识1

“be armed to teeth”是什么意思?

武装到牙齿;全副武装

【复习2

“手拉手”用英文怎么表达?

hand in hand

【思考2

用同样的词缀-less 联想一下“无价的”用英文怎么说?(提示:price

priceless

【趣味知识2

试着解释以下谚语。“Confidence in yourself is the first step on the road to success.”

自信是走向成功的第一步

【补充】

values  n. 价值观,准则

【趣味知识3

“The true value of life is not in what we get, but in what we give.”是什么意思?

人生真正的价值不在于我们得到了什么,而在于我们奉献了什么。

【复习3

used to do be used to doing的区别是什么?

used to do 过去常常做某事

be used to doing 习惯于做某事

语法重点

关于used的用法

ü  used to do 过去常常做某事(现在不做)

I used to sleep more.

My father used to smoke a lot.

对比:My father would smoke a lot. (现在可能还在抽烟

ü  be used to sth. / doing sth.习惯于某事/做某事

翻译:这个外国人已经习惯于吃中国食物了。

This foreigner is used to eating Chinese food.

ü  be used to do 被用来做某事(表示功能)

翻译:这笔是用来写的。

The pen is used to write with.

(老师提醒学生不要忘记加介词)【学生版不出现】

把上句还原成主动语态:I use the pen to write with.

ü  be used as+名词

翻译:这个盒子可以用作为桌子。

The box is used as a table.

Challenge yourself!

EasyFill the blank with the word or phrase from the box.

use; be used to; used to

1.A pen isoften usedto express our thoughts.

2. Sally used tobe on a diet but now she is back to normal food.

3. You will be used toeating cream and butter and raw vegetables when you live in the west.

MediumChoose the correct answer.

( B) 4. The gold coin found in the cave proved to be _______.

   A. worthy                  B. worthless            C. unworthy            D. unworth

HardChoose the correct answer.

( A) 5. He _______ go out with his parents, but now he _______ staying at home alone. 2011年中考)

A. used to; is used to B. is used to; used to  C. uses to; is used to  D. used to; uses to

( C) 6. My grandma ________ us stories when I was young. 2012年中考)

A. was used to tell     B. is used to tell         C. used to tell              D. used to telling


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