NCE2 L82

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文章作者: 骆成

发布时间: 2019-10-20 09:14 访问量:79

Lesson 82 Monster or fish?

阅读理解:

1. What do fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen?

They sometimes claim to have seen monstersin the sea.

2. Can you describe the fish?

 It had a head like a horse, big blueeyes, shining silverskin, and a bright redtail.

单词详解

1. monster  n. 怪物

2. sailor  n. 海员

3. sight  v. 见到

翻译:我已经十年没见到邻居家的帅气男孩啦。

I haven’t sighted the handsome boy next door for ten years.

n. 视力

词组:catch sight of 看见

翻译:约翰永远梦想着见到UFO

John always dreams of catching sight of an UFO.

词组:in sight 看得见,在视线内

out of sight  看不见

翻译:Out of sight, out of mind.

眼不见,心不烦。(“较真”版本:这样翻译肯定是对的,

但是细细研究起来,也有不妥之处,参见

http://blog.onlycollege.com.cn/7429/viewspace-8622

【学生版不出现】)

4. creature  n. 动物,生物

翻译:他10点睡觉,是个生活很有规律的人。

He always goes to bed at ten. He’s a creature of habit.

5. peculiar  adj. 奇怪的,不寻常的

近义词:strange; weird; odd; unusual

6. shining  adj. 闪闪发光的

7. oarfish  n. 桨鱼

课文解析

1. Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea.

l  单词:claim  v. 声称,断言;夺走……生命

用法:claim to have done 声称曾做过某事(详见语法重点)

翻译:他们声称发现了一颗新的行星。

         They claimed to have discovered a new planet.

2. Though people have often laughed at stories told by seamen, it is now known that many of these 'monsters' which have at timesbeen sighted are simply strange fish.

l  语法:though / although / even though表示“尽管”,后面主句不可以再用but了。

l  语法:told 过去分词后置定语

l  句式:it is known / said / reported that …

翻译:据说将会有200万人在2050年搬去火星定居。

It is said that 2 million people will settle down in the Mars in

2050.

l  语法:which have …定语从句修饰名词monster

l  词组:at times 有时,偶尔

l  单词:simply在这句话的意思是“仅仅,只不过

3. Occasionally, unusual creatures are washed to the shore, but they are rarelycaught out at sea.

l  单词:rarely  adv. 罕见地

l  词组:out at sea 在远海

4. Some time ago, however, a peculiar fish was caught near Madagascar.

l  辨析:

some time 名词词组:一段时间 = a while

some times 名词词组: 几次

   sometime  adv. 某时(一般用于过去时或者将来时)

   sometimes  adv. 有时

5. A small fishing boat was carried miles out to sea by the powerful fish as it pulled on the line. Realizing that this was no ordinary fish, the fisherman made every effort not todamage it in any way.

l   词组:make every effort to do sth. = make all efforts to do sth. 尽一切努力做某事

l   句子分析:这句话中,主语是the fisherman,谓语动词是made,所以realizing在这句话中是非谓语动词

(请老师这边再次强调非谓语的用法,主动关系用v-ing形式,被动关系用v-ed形式,建议同学复习参考lesson49&55【学生版不出现】)

l   语法:表示目的to do/ so as to do/ in order to do

     其否定形式not to do/ so as not to do/ in order not to do

l   词组:in any way 以任何方式

6. When it was eventually brought to shore, it was found to be over thirteen feet long.

l   it was found to be… 不定式的被动语态(详见语法重点)

7. It had a head like a horse, big blue eyes, shining silver skin, and a bright red tail.

l   修饰词的顺序:限数描大形,新色国材名

(限定词+数字+描绘性+大小 +形状 + 新旧+颜色 + 国家+材料+被修饰的名词【学生版不出现】)

8. The fish, which has since been sent to a museum where it is being examined by a scientist, is called an oarfish.

l   语法:which 引导的是非限制性定语从句

         where 引导的是定语从句,修饰museum,相当于in

         which

    e.g. This is the village where I grew up.

      = This is the village in which I grew up.

l  语法:it is being examined 被动语态的进行时态

翻译:那架古钢琴正在被爸爸的一个朋友修。

  That clavichord is now being repaired by a friend of my father’s.

9. Such creatures have rarely been seen aliveby man as they live at a depth of six hundred feet.

l  单词:alive表语形容词,不可以用作定语

l  用法:at a depth ofdepth可以换做同类名词height/ weight/ length …

【思考1

short sight V.S near sight

有什么区别?

两者都可以指近视,但是short sight还有目光短浅,缺乏远见的意思,short sight的反义词是foresight

【思考2

shining的动词原形及其过去式和过去分词是什么呢?

shine-shone-shone

【趣味知识1

Oarfish is a very long ribbonfish. It is a kind of deep-water tropical fish. It has a red dorsal fin.桨鱼是一种生活在热带深海的带鱼 ,背上有一条红色的背鳍。

【思考3

laugh at sb.表示嘲笑某人,那么猜一猜laugh at 在下句中是什么意思呢?

e.g. In his childhood, he learned how to laugh atdifficulties.

对……一笑置之

【思考4

wash做动词除了清洗以外还有什么意思呢?

冲刷、拍打、冲蚀

【趣味知识2

Madagascar

马达加斯加共和国简称马达加斯加,是一个位于非洲东南部近海的印度洋岛屿国家,该国包括马达加斯加岛及其周边多个比较小的岛屿。马达加斯加岛在约8800万年前从印度板块分裂,当地的原生动植物因此得以在相对隔离的自然条件下演化。因此人们在这里找到的桨鱼也是比较少见的一种鱼类。

【复习】

表语形容词通常放在be动词或者系动词后面,无级别的变化,也不能用程度副词修饰。

alive比较相似的以”a”开头的表语形容词有哪些?

afraid, alone, ashamed, asleep...

语法重点

不定式的时态和语态

主动

被动

一般时

to do

to be done

完成时

to have done

to have been done

进行时

to be doing

注:to have done完成时表示此动作在谓语动作之前发生。

Fishermen and sailors sometimes claimto have seenmonsters in the sea.(对比claimsee的先后)

e.g.

I’m sorry to have saidthat.(表完成

He didn’t want to be cheated.(表被动

A new bridge is said to have been builtover the river.(表被动完成

He pretended to be sleepingwhen his mother came.(表进行

EX. 翻译:

1. 她似乎早已听闻此事。(seem)

  She seems to have known this.

2. 大学毕业后他要求送他去西部工作。(ask)

  He asked to be sent to western area to work after graduation.

3. 据说这本小说早已被译成5国语言(translate)

  This novel is said to have been translatedinto 5 languages.

Challenge yourself!

EasyChoose the correct answer.

( D) 1. Betty got up early in order _______ she might see the sun rising.

A. to         B. which      C. when        D. that    

( C) 2. ________ bravely they fought the enemy.

    A. What      B. What a      C. How        D. How a

MediumChoose the correct answer.

( A) 3. If we had followed his advice, we could have done the job better with _____ money and _____

      people.

A. less, fewer    B. less, less    C. fewer, less   D. fewer, fewer

HardTranslate the sentence

4. 这种植物在300米深的海域生长。

  This plant lives atadepthof300 meters in the sea.

5. 意识到他是以为贵客,服务员非常礼貌。

 Realizing he is a distinguished guest, the waiter was very polite.


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